Chinese martial arts fall under two main categories: kung fu and wushu. These styles are categorized based on common traits or families of martial arts, some of which are classified by training methods used in Chinese religion or philosophy. Kung fu martial arts refers to styles that are acquired through practice or learning. On the other hand, wushu refers to styles that are more military in nature and are thus based on full contact using weapons or bare hands. Wushu martial arts styles also utilize aesthetic characteristics which are have been developed by the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Chinese martial arts is an important component of the culture as it combines military strategy, philosophy, medicine, aesthetics and education. It is also the ideal mirror of the Chinese people and culture. One of the main characteristics of Chinese martial arts is the use of mental skill in fighting and the use of breath in guiding the rest of the body’s actions. All motions should be rhythmic and changeful. Three sources have shaped the evolution of Chinese martial arts: tutoring, technical development, and philosophy and science.
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